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Air and Ozone Layer Protection

Consistent and ongoing efforts are being taken to reduce air pollution. As a result the ratio between the growth of GDP and release of pollutants into atmosphere from stationary sources is 1% to 0.03%. In 2010, it fell by 6.1% as compared to 2005.

In 2009-2010 alone, more than 715 projects and 310 technical solutions were implemented to reconstruct and put into operation 453 gas-purifying plants. In 2010, the release of pollutants from stationary sources totaled 377,100 tonnes (to compare with 457,200 tonnes in 2009), a reduction of 80,100 tonnes to the level of 2009. 

Annually over 200 gas-purifying units are put into operation and reconstructed in Belarus which allows preventing release of about 600 tonnes of harmful pollutants.

With the transport accounting for 70% of the total air pollution, efforts have been taken to reduce its harmful effects on the atmosphere resulting in 5.3% reduction in air pollution in 2009 as compared to 2008 and 17.3% reduction in 2010 as compared to 2009 with the 4.8%-5% annual increase in the number of automobile vehicles in Belarus.

This reduction was possible thanks to the measures aimed at:

  1. Replacement of old trucks, cars and buses with eco-friendly low-carbon vehicles;
  2. Increasing number of gas-cylinder vehicles;
  3. Supply of gas stations with eco-friendly biodiesel and diesel fuel and gasoline;
  4. Increasing the number of electric public transport, etc.

One of the main priorities of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is promotion and introduction of eco-friendly renewable sources of energy, such as biogas, phytomass, wind and hydro energy.

In conformity with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer continuous efforts have been taken to gradually reduce consumption and phase out production of such ozone layer depleting substances (ODSs) as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC-22, HCFC -142b, HCFC -21, HCFC -141b) by 2020, to improve import and export licensing systems of the ozone layer depleting substances, and to ban import and export of substances listed in the Protocol by the non-Party countries.

The Republic of Belarus has all the prerequisites and possibilities to speed up phasing out HCFCs before the 2020 deadline. Current trends indicate that this is possible if certain preventive measures in terms of HCFCs are taken taking account of the EU experience that passed the law on phasing out consumption of new HCFCs by 2010 with the international co-funding of relevant projects in the next 4 years (2012-2015). 

The UNDP regional office has almost completed elaboration of the project of the Global Environmental Facility and World Bank aimed at phasing out HSFCs in a number of CIS countries, including Belarus.

Under the project special equipment will be provided to detect, identify, recycle, regenerate and dispose of ODSs; funding will be provided for target and pilot projects on phasing out HSFCs and replacing them with ozone-friendly substances and natural refrigerants both in manufacturing and agriculture sectors as well as for training a wide range of specialists.

As the governmental body responsible for enforcement of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in Belarus and licensing of ODSs import/export, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection joined the initiative of informal preliminary informed consent (IРIС), voluntary information exchange about a forthcoming trade deal between importing and exporting countries responsible for ODSs licensing.

The National Research Center for Ozonosphere Monitoring (NRCOZ) of the Belarusian State University has been monitoring the state and dynamics of ozonosphere over Belarus since 1997. This information is published at the website